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Friday, April 14, 2017

Penelope, the Matchless Queen of Cunning

So by day she’d weave at her great and growing web—
by night, by the light of torches set beside her,
she would unravel all she’d done.
boat, collage, collage art, contemporary art, greek mythology, leslie peterson sapp, mixed media, moon, mythology, odysseus, Penelope The Matchless Queen of Cunning, sea, the odyssey, weaver of fate, weaving, web
"Penelope, the Matchless Queen of Cunning" Leslie Peterson Sapp 16"x20" Collage, acrylic, cheese cloth, fiber paste

Aside from the interesting literal story, this scene also taps into the archetype of Woman as Weaver, or the Weaver of Fate or Destiny. This is a universal archetype, with versions in cultures all over the world and across time. 
Click here for a little list of weaver archetypes in mythology.
Mayan Teotihuacan Spider Woman, boat, collage, collage art, contemporary art, greek mythology, leslie peterson sapp, mixed media, moon, mythology, odysseus, Penelope The Matchless Queen of Cunning, sea, the odyssey, weaver of fate, weaving, web
Mayan Teotihuacan Spider Woman
Included in my depiction is a couple fanciful elements: The tiny ship in the deep background… could it be Odysseus coming home? Also, the scene she is weaving is about Scylla and Charybdis, an incident in Odysseus’ adventures that Penelope could not possibly have known about. I thought it would be interesting to propose that maybe she is unconsciously following her husband’s wanderings in her dreams or in her deep creativity.
Penelope Unravelling Her Work at Night, Dora Wheeler, 1886 Silk embroidered with silk thread, boat, collage, collage art, contemporary art, greek mythology, leslie peterson sapp, mixed media, moon, mythology, odysseus, Penelope The Matchless Queen of Cunning, sea, the odyssey, weaver of fate, weaving, web
"Penelope Unravelling Her Work at Night" Dora Wheeler, 1886
Silk embroidered with silk thread
I also like this scene because Penelope is a person who is making the best of a situation where she is almost powerless, and must use her cleverness and guile to survive. She is put into a difficult position by her husband’s extended absence, a position that is difficult for us to comprehend today. It displays a big difference not only in the position of women in society and succession of kingship and property, but also of the sacred tradition of hospitality. 

To learn a bit about hospitality, read the analysis section of cliffnotes.com or a great article about The Odyssey in one of my favorite online magazines, The Art of Manliness.
Penelope and Laertes’ Shroud. Red Figure Red Vase, boat, collage, collage art, contemporary art, greek mythology, leslie peterson sapp, mixed media, moon, mythology, odysseus, Penelope The Matchless Queen of Cunning, sea, the odyssey, weaver of fate, weaving, web
Penelope and Laertes’ Shroud. Red Figure Red Vase. S. 440 BC.

For a description of the context of this scene, look at cliffnotes.com.